“We have 500 days – not a day more – to avoid a climate disaster. We must face up to climate disruption, climate chaos. The scientists, several of whom are present here, have said it: ‘you’d have to be blind not to see it’” M. Laurent Fabius, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development, 14 May 2014 about France hosting the major climate conference in December 2015.


“The world only has 10 years to develop and implement new technologies to generate clean electricity before climate change reaches a point of no return,….” “The rate at which we are emitting now, around 2ppm a year and rising, we could expect that that tripping point will reach us in 20 years’ time. That gives us 10 years to develop technologies that could start to bite into the problem.”
Peter Smith, a professor of sustainable energy at the University of Nottingham, theguardian.com, 5 September 2006


On July 5, 1989, Noel Brown, then the director of the New York office of the United Nations Environment Program, warned of a “10-year window of opportunity to solve” global warming — “entire nations could be wiped off the face of Earth by rising sea levels if the global-warming trend is not reversed by the year 2000. Coastal flooding and crop failures would create an exodus of ‘eco-refugees,’ threatening political chaos.”
as reported in The Washington Times, 21 Apr 2014


The Prince of Wales is to issue a stark warning that nations have “less than 100 months to act” to save the planet from irreversible damage due to climate change. His warning will be delivered on Thursday in a keynote speech in Rio de Janeiro. In Thursday’s speech, the Prince will warn that a failure to act in the next eight years will have catastrophic effects for the planet.
www.telegraph.co.uk, 07 Mar 2009


The planet has just five years to avoid disastrous global warming, says the Federal Government’s chief scientist. Prof Penny Sackett yesterday urged all Australians to reduce their carbon footprint. Australians – among the world’s biggest producers of carbon dioxide – were “better placed than others to do something about it”, she said.

The professor said even if all the world stopped producing carbon dioxide immediately, temperature increases of 1.3C were unavoidable. If the earth’s temperature rose 2C, she warned, there would be risks that were “difficult and dangerous”.
Herald Sun, December 04, 2009


The next 50 years offer Sydney the last chance to avoid catastrophic climate change that would devastate south-eastern Australia, the scientist Tim Flannery has warned. Speaking last night at the State Government’s Sydney Futures forum, Dr Flannery warned of a city grappling with up to 60 per cent less water. As temperatures around the world warmed by 2 to 7 per cent Sydney could glimpse its future by looking at the devastating impact that global warming had already had on Perth, which he said was likely to become a “ghost metropolis”.
Sydney Morning Herald 19 May 2004


The United States and the European Union agree that the next 15 years will be decisive in averting a global warming disaster but disagree on a strategy, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said Sunday. He said Washington and Europe concurred that “politicians have at most another 15 years to take steps to ensure that climate change does not become a catastrophe.”
www.terradaily.com, 3 Jun 2007


The report said global emissions must peak by 2015 for the world to have any chance of limiting the expected temperature rise to 2C, which would still leave billions of people short of water by 2050.
The warning came in a report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published yesterday in Bangkok.

www.theguardian.com, 5 May 2007


Srgjan Kerim, President of the General Assembly, opened the discussion by saying that 11 of the last 12 years had ranked among the 12 warmest since the keeping of global temperature records had begun in 1850. Two points were significant: that climate change was inherently a sustainable-development challenge; and that more efforts than ever before must be exerted to enable poor countries to prepare for impacts because it had been estimated that there would be between 50 million and 200 million environmental migrants by 2010.
UN Press release, 8 Jul 2008


Mark Lynas draws on the latest science to describe the world under warming scenarios ranging from 1° (bad) to 6°C (unimaginably bad). He sums up the task with brutal candour: “we have only seven years left to peak global emissions before facing escalating dangers of runaway global warming.”
review of Recent Books about Climate Change, By Clive Hamilton, http://www.themonthly.com.au October 2008

invasion – Stingray

A stingray that kills its prey with a giant electric shock has been found off the coast of Britain, it emerged today. Now experts fear shoals of marbled stingray – a relative of the fish that killed Australian crocodile hunter Steve Irwin – will invade Britain this summer due to global warming.
www.mailonsunday.co.uk, 19 Jun 2008

invasion – Floating pennywort, American mink and the Chinese mitten crab

Hundreds of native British animals and plants are being put at risk from an invasion of foreign species that thrive here because of rising global temperatures, the Government said yesterday. The problem is expected to become worse as warmer temperatures encourage the migration of hostile species, which include floating pennywort, American mink and the Chinese mitten crab.
www.telegraph.co.uk/, 28 May 2008

invasion – The non-native sea squirt

While the jellyfish invasion has helped decimate the winter flounder population in Narragansett Bay, the non-native sea squirt may overrun the local oyster and blue mussel communities. ”There is evidence of jellyfish explosions around the world that appear related to the adverse impact of human activities, and those include global warming,” said a representative of the New York City-based Natural Resources Defence Council.
The Boston Globe, 2/7/02.

invasion – Slugs

Britain’s gardens have been invaded by record numbers of slugs because the wet weather has helped them double their population. Dr Richard Meredith of Bayer Crop Science, has been monitoring slug numbers for years. Normally, frosty winters and dry summers keep the slug population down. But global warming has helped provide perfect conditions for them to thrive.
www.telegraph.co.uk, 22 Aug 2007

invasion – Cats and kittens

Droves of cats and kittens are swarming into animal shelters nationwide, and global warming is to blame, according to one pet adoption group, Pets Across America. The cause of this feline flood is an extended cat breeding season thanks to the world’s warming temperatures, according to the group.
www.livescience.com, 6 Jun 2007

invasion -Asian tiger mosquito

Experts working for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) have identified 9 alien species on the verge of invading Britain. The experts are most concerned about is the Asian tiger mosquito which is larger than most – up to 1cm long – and bites in the day, rather than just in the evening.
www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/environment/climatechange/, 7 Jun 2009

invasion – The Humboldt squid

The Humboldt squid, which can grow up to 7 feet long, has moved up the California coast as ocean waters warmed. “It’s the latest in a long series of bad news for fishermen,” said a Stanford University researcher, adding that squid have been found as far north as Alaska in the past five years.
www.ktvu.com, 5 Dec 2007

invasion – Giant oysters

Giant oyster specimens have been found on Germany’s North Sea island of Sylt. Marine biologists are unanimous in their explanation for the causes of the Pacific oyster invasion.

“Cold winters can bring the spread of wild oysters to a halt, but warm winters enable the oyster larvae to flourish,” said a marine biologist with Sylt’s Alfred-Wegener Polar and Marine Research Institute. “Their increase is a direct result of global warming.”
www.independent.co.uk, 8 Mar 2008

invasion – Beetles

Aided by warmer weather and the easy pickings of drought-stricken trees, beetles are ravaging Yellowstone’s pines. “Climate change is going to be the most significant challenge to the fundamental premise and foundational management of our national parks that we have ever faced,” said the newly installed park service Director.
L.A.Times, 6 Dec 2009

invasion – Sharks, crabs and other predators

Unique marine life in Antarctica will be at risk from an invasion of sharks, crabs and other predators if global warming continues, scientists warn. Crabs are poised to return to the Antarctic shallows, threatening creatures such as giant sea spiders and floppy ribbon worms, says a UK-US team. Shrimp, ribbon worms and brittle stars are likely to be the most vulnerable to population declines.
news.bbc.co.uk, 16 Feb 2008

invasion – Fungi

Six species of fungi have been found in Scotland for the first time, providing yet more evidence of the general warming of the British climate. The former head of mycology at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh said, “Changes in our climate are allowing some fungi to possibly jump hosts, and these more parasitic fungi could pose quite serious implications for species that have always existed up here and not been under attack.”
www.scotsman.com, 20 Oct 2004

invasion – Cougars

Climate change could be causing cougar attacks: Alberta’s cougar population has jumped this year because recent warm winters have pushed up the population of deer, elk and moose — the cougars’ natural prey, said Darcy Whiteside with Alberta Sustainable Resource Development.
www.canada.com/nationalpost/news 29 Aug 2007

invasion – Invasive plants

Higher average temperatures and changes in rain and snow patterns will enable some invasive plant species to move into new areas. Insect pest infestations will be more severe as pests such as mountain pine beetle are able to take advantage of drought-weakened plants. Pathogens and their hosts that thrive in higher temperatures will spread to new areas.

National Wildlife Federation website, 2014

invasion – Dragonfly

The damselfly, a flying matchstick of bright blue and black, is the latest of a number of new arrivals from Europe which are thought to have been brought to Britain by rising temperatures caused by climate change, according to The British Dragonfly Society.
www.independent.co.uk, 22 July 2010

invasion – Airport malaria

Global warming is raising the risk for infection with so-called “airport malaria” in malaria-free zones of the United States and Europe, researchers warn.
Here’s how it happens, as the scientists explain it: Mosquitoes make their way on to planes in tropical regions, and at the end of a flight can escape into the increasingly warmer climates of developed countries, where they now have a better chance of surviving and proliferating said the study author and program director of environmental and occupational health at Louisiana State University in New Orleans.

health.usnews.com, 12 Dec 2008